DOUTOR GUILHERMINO PIRES - Membro da Direcção da Comunidade Vida e Paz.
Esta comunidade desempenha notável trabalho na reinserção e apoio aos sem abrigo, que pouca gente conhece na sua plenitude. No tema da sua conferência, o Dr. A. G. Pires mostrou-nos como se faz a Promoção e Dignificação do Homem no terreno e deixou também um sentido apelo aqueles que podem e devem adquirir a sensibilidade necessária para com os problemas de seres humanos prostrados em humilhante degradação.
Considero uma honra, poder usar a palavra ainda que modesta, em nome daqueles que normalmente não têm voz, neste histórico e nobre areópago, de tão sábias intervenções.
Agradeço à Associação Portuguesa para a Promoção e Dignificação do Homem, na pessoa do seu Presidente o convite que nos fez. Apresento respeitosos cumprimentos, a todos os prelectores e a quantos se dignaram participar nesta sessão.
É inegável e evidente a carência de sensibilidade. Haverá que adoptar um ‘novo humanismo para o terceiro milénio’. (m/comunicação na UNESCO, Paris, Fevereiro de 2000). E PÔR O CORAÇÃO DO HOMEM NO CENTRO DA GLOBALIZAÇÃO.
COMUNIDADE VIDA E PAZ. Seja-me permitido iniciar com uma breve apresentação multimedia.
COMUNIDADE VIDA E PAZ.
Seja-me permitido iniciar com uma breve apresentação multimedia.
A Comunidade Vida e Paz é uma IPSS. Brotou da iniciativa suscitada pela consciência da ‘comiseração’, considerando urgente agir com atitudes comportamen-tais, em gestos concretos, para a dignificação integral da pessoa humana. Surgiu como ‘Projecto de Esperança para os Sem-Abrigo’ desde 1989 (Dec. do Patriarca de Lisboa de 17 de Abril, sendo reconhecida ‘Pessoa Colectiva de Utilidade Pública’ em 22 de Junho). Quis e quer ser resposta para algumas solicitações dos mais pobres dos pobres, muitas vezes vítimas de causas sociais que injustamente conduzem à exclusão... (É que ainda falta ‘pôr o coração do Homem no centro da sociedade globalizada’ da nossa época pós-moderna...)
Para a CVPaz, o destinatário/alvo é a PESSOA - as pessoas - situadas, com perfil da marginalidade, numa existência desregrada e degradada, mais próxima do vegetar do que do viver: - os que vagueiam encolhidos sob o peso da fome, do frio e destruídos pelas dependências, que aparecem, arrastando-se pelos cantos e frinchas das nossas ruas. Os que não têm emprego; privados de amparo familiar e social, sem casa e sem afectos.
É pena que se tenha generalizado o conhecimento da Instituição (que tem carácter fundacional) com algum equívoco e imprecisão, com tendências redutivas da essência do seu projecto de reabilitação dos Sem-Abrigo. Por vezes confunde-se a identidade da ‘Comunidade Vida e Paz’ com ‘as carrinhas brancas com voluntários que distribuem alimentos e agasalhos aos Sem-Abrigo’, todas as noites, do ano todo. Ou então, com a festa anual do Natal dos Sem-Abrigo (que este ano faz a 20.ª edição). Mesmo esta requer um forte apoio à iniciativa de solidariedade em nome da civilização do amor. E o corpo de Voluntários dá-lhe a forma mais convincente do espírito que envolve a Festa. (Serão mais de 1.000 voluntários a coordenar e a servir, também à mesa, os quase 2.000 Sem-Abrigo esperados, desde hoje até domingo. (Permitam-me a liberdade de os convidar a passarem por lá nestes dias...).
Ora, o objectivo estatutário primordial da estrutura orgânica da CVPaz visa, sim, prestar assistência, espiritual e material, aos Sem-Abrigo - pessoas desprotegidas, consideradas como o ‘próximo’ no contexto evangélico da parábola do viajante ‘assaltado, ferido e roubado, a caminho de Jericó’. Neste palco cabe-lhe o papel de ‘Bom Samaritano’ - o único transeunte que parou, se apeou e condoeu, prestando os primeiros socorros, confiando, depois, o semimorto e desprezado, aos cuidados do estalajadeiro - quem podia e sabia tratar das feridas, até obter a reabilitação da vítima.
Nesta perspectiva de serviço autêntico, seja-nos permitido sintetizar em que consiste a ‘obra’ da CVPaz em prol da promoção e dignificação do Homem:
1.º ‘Não só de pão vive o homem...’. E a espiritualidade carismática da CVPaz é reflexo dos conceitos evangélicos das Bem-aventuranças, motivada pelo ’Recebestes de graça; dai, também, de graça.’ (Mt.10,8). Por isso age também segundo os critérios da doutrina social da Igreja, como testemunho e profecia da Nova Evangelização.
No ‘respeito pelos Direitos fundamentais da pessoa Humana, em espírito ecuménico e observância das liberdades constitucionais’, está instituído na nossa Comunidade um ambiente solidário de gratuituidade. E mais de 500 Voluntários efectivos regulares, constituem a ‘guarda avançada’ complementando as Equipas de Rua ou Equipas de Intervenção Directa – EID (com 5 a 7 elementos). Geralmente é no diálogo personalizado com cada Sem-Abrigo que as equipas convidam, induzem, convencem e guiam ao encontro no EAD (Espaço Aberto ao Diálogo). Este espaço de ‘audição permanente’ recebeu neste ano perto de duas mil pessoas que foram encaminhadas, inclusivamente, também para outras Instituições mais consentâneas com o seu estado, sobretudo no foro da saúde física e mental. Ele foi criado (em 2005) para permitir o diagnóstico e a identificação com as problemáticas de cada um. É aqui, então, que se inicia o processo individual de recuperação através do desafio proposto à manifestação firme da própria vontade para uma radical mudança de vida. Implica aceitação – vinculativa - na adesão livre aos tratamentos adequados a cada caso. Esses tratamentos, de média e longa duração, são de 9, 12 a 13 meses. Dos 240 que iniciaram o processo este ano, já foram reinseridos mais de uma centena. A taxa de sucesso, embora lisonjeira, humildemente reconhecemos que ainda não satisfaz. Queremos mais e melhor. Mas poderá considerar-se que este é o PROJECTO de esperança rumo à inclusão.
A partir de sede em Lisboa, numa dinâmica de intervenção, com mais de cem funcionários, actua-se em ordem à prossecução do objectivo essencial do plano estratégico. Não será despiciendo compendiar o nosso trabalho em três verbos conjugados no plural, dado que são as Equipas de Rua, Técnicas e Terapêuticas, nos 3 Centros de Tratamento/Reabilitação, e Formação Profissional (mediante acções de terapia ocupacional), que asseguram o apoio (com bastante sucesso) da metodologia do processo (entre 55 a 60%) para a reinserção/inclusão social dos nossos Utentes.
Sirvo-me da letra R (maiúscula), no prefixo re, com a raíz nos voluntários das Equipas de Rua. As várias equipas, que, ao darem o alimento do corpo, privilegiam o alimento religioso do espírito, para uma reconquista ‘sustentável’ da personalidade com a disposição para reformular a própria vida. Assim cabe-nos ser casa –Comunidade -, promover o retorno ao respeito e afeição pela Vida, o re-encontro de si e da verdadeira Paz, a do espírito. E a missão de acolher escreve-se não com um, mas com 3 Rs - Recolher – Recuperar – Reinserir; como contraponto à rejeição, à recusa, à repressão infelizmente tão presente no comportamento de uma grande parte da sociedade displicente, perante os excluídos... tantas vezes fonte de recaídas e revolta...
Sabemos que na nossa actuação em muitos casos se trata de primeiras tentativas implicando a adesão voluntariosa e consciente, em ordem à própria inserção/inclusão, por nunca terem deparado com oportunidades... Nós somos a ‘coincidência’ que alguém definiu como a ‘presença de Deus escondido no anonimato’...
Lamentavelmente são muitos, e cada vez mais, os Sem-Abrigo de cariz toxicodependente e alcoólico, acrescidos com muitos ‘novos pobres’ (escondidos – a tal ‘pobreza envergonhada’), que as equipas encontram nas ‘Voltas’- as ‘rondas nocturnas dos voluntários’...
Talvez fosse interessante conhecer agora alguns dados estatísticos. Eles estão disponíveis na nossa página Web (www.cvidaepaz.org). Mas estamos sempre ao dispor de quem pretenda melhorar o conhecimento sobre a Comunidade. Sobretudo para esclarecer opiniões e ajudar a concretizar alguns dos vários projectos para um serviço mais eficiente. Como a eficácia se mede pelos resultados, os números falam por si. Ao desenvolver nos utentes/residentes, sobretudo, a consciência da sua dignidade humana e a convicção das suas capacidades de realização pessoal, a Comunidade Vida e Paz já contribuiu para tratar, recuperar e reinserir na sociedade mais de um milhar de cidadãos.
Seja-me permitido sublinhar: a Comuniudade Vida e Paz além da sede em Lisboa, dispõe de três Centros de reinserção social, integrando anualmente no mercado do trabalho 100/105 Sem-Abrigo recuperados, depois de os habilitar com conhecimentos profissionais que agilizam e favorecem a empregabilidade, ou seja a sua reinserção na vida, em sociedade, cônscios da sua cidadania.
A muitos orientou e orienta para cursos técnicos e tecnológicos garantindo-lhes o exercício de uma profissão e equivalência escolar. Porém, a antítese reside na pouca aceitação ou até recusa em empregá-los. Donde todas as consequências decorrentes, inclusive as recaídas. As empresas e a sociedade precisam de pôr o coração do homem no centro da globalização, para evitar o recrudescimento da crise... e enveredar por um ‘desenvolvimento sustentável’
A UD - Constitui um contributo assinalável para a redução da toxicode-pendência, a Unidade de Desabituação, agora com capacidade para 130, a funcionar com a duração de 10/11 dias. Em média estão 3 grupos de 5 utentes por mês. A taxa de ocupação é crescente. Até ontem (18 Dez.), entraram 98. Todos passam pelo acolhimento no EAD, conduzidos pela Equipas de Rua.
Tendo por objectivo último, num projecto de reencaminhamento para a esperança, a sua reinserção familiar, social, escolar e profissional, a Comunidade proporciona aos seus utentes uma experiência de vida familiar, em sociedade, um programa terapêutico e instrução técnica para o desempenho de uma profissão, recorrendo a parcerias, inclusivamente com o IEFP até ao nível 3 da euroqualificação...
Depois de considerados recuperados, alguns ingressam nos apartamentos, com a filosofia das UVAU - Unidade de Vida Autónoma – onde lhes é facultado um treino para se auto-governarem, enquanto esperam um emprego...
Na COVIPAZ dispomos de uma espécie de pequena empresa cooperativa constituída para ocupar aqueles que tendo concluído com êxito o tratamento, aguardam ser chamados para um trabalho digno. Como que ‘estacionam’ ocupando-se com contratos temporários em prestação de serviços indiferenciados, inclusive às Autarquias, por exemplo nas limpezas de ruas e estradas, na jardinagem, etc., adquirindo experiência e percebendo um salário em conformidade, que administram autonomamente. Outros conseguem regressar às suas famílias ou re-constituir o seu lar.
Resumindo: a intervenção desenvolvida pala CVPaz junto dos Sem-Abrigo, seguindo um critério sequencial, tem em conta diversos tipos de resposta (‘Voltas’; ‘Acolhimento/EAD’; ‘Comunidades Terapêuticas’ – neste momento com quase 250 residentes; ‘Comunidades de Inserção’; ‘Apartamentos/UVAU’; e a COVIPAZ. Todos tendem a complementar-se.
Resta-me pedir desculpa por me ter alongado... Agradeço a atenção dispensada.
E formulo, em nome da Comunidade Vida e Paz, os melhores votos de Boas-Festas de Natal e Bom Ano 2009.
Lisboa, 19 de Dezembro de 2008.
membro da Direcção da Comunidade Vida e Paz.
O egoísmo isola. Devíamos ser canais da vida de Deus para os outros e já não somos.
E por isso estamos mais pobres, mais fragilizados.
Minhas senhoras e meus senhores. Falo em nome da
DOUTORA PAULA GUIMARÃES
A Doutora Paula Guimarães é Directora da Fundação Montepeio, uma instituição que apoia projectos de reinserção, sendo de realçar o assinalável interesse na ajuda aos excluídos por parte desta instituição bancária. No tema da sua conferência falou de improviso sobre o envelhecimento e dignidade, apelando ao esforço individual e colectivo, numa cruzada que exige consciencialização. De uma parte do que nos disse extraímos o seguinte texto:
A promoção da dignidade do Ser Humano é um permanente desafio ao longo de todo o ciclo de vida, acompanhando o percurso individual e garantindo a inclusão plena de cada cidadão.
Trata-se de um repto que apresenta dificuldades acrescidas quando falamos de populações potencialmente mais vulneráveis, como é o caso das pessoas mais velhas.
Não que a idade traga, automaticamente, uma fragilidade acrescida, mas as dependências físicas, psíquicas e económicas que, por vezes, emergem nas fases mais avançadas da vida, podem originar uma perda de poder social.
Apesar dos Princípios das Nações Unidas expressamente consagrarem a Dignidade como um Direito essencial das pessoas idosas e a produção legislativa nacional e internacional ser prolífera em matéria de salvaguarda dos seus direitos, o que é facto é que em Portugal nem sempre é fácil assegurar a promoção da dignidade deste grupo populacional.
Muitas das pessoas idosas permanecem autónomas até idades tardias, desempenhando funções influentes, liderando movimentos associativos, marcando a vida da sua família, mas o número crescente de indivíduos com dependência e incapacidade, levanta questões novas e desafios complexos.
Garantir a autonomia, a auto-determinação, a independência, a segurança e o acesso aos cuidados, são pressupostos de uma vida digna, que continuam a faltar a um número significativo de idosos, muitas vezes manipulados, explorados financeiramente, com dificuldade na obtenção de vaga em equipamentos e serviços sociais e sem rede familiar de apoio.
Lutar por uma dignificação da pessoa idosa exige um esforço individual e colectivo, o envolvimento da sociedade civil e uma profunda reinvenção do Estado, para que possa cumprir as suas tarefas fundamentais.
Cinco estratégias integradas podem ajudar:
Semear afectos ao longo da vida, reinventando a noção de família e investindo num reduto seguro de entre-ajuda;
Planear o próprio envelhecimento, apostando na protecção social complementar e na participação activa;
Apostar na formação e dignificação dos profissionais que actuam no domínio da intervenção gerontológica e geriátrica;
Adaptar a legislação da família, do suprimento da incapacidade e do direito sucessório às novas dinâmicas familiares, promovendo a salvaguarda do património e a prevenção da exploração financeira;
Desenvolver as respostas sociais, sob a égide da qualidade e do respeito pelos direitos dos clientes.
A defesa da dignidade do Ser Humano ao longo da sua vida e, com especial ênfase na velhice, é uma cruzada que nunca cessa e que nos diz respeito a todos, exigindo-nos consciencialização, envolvimento e uma atitude pró-activa de informação e de reivindicação responsável.
Envelhecimento e Dignidade
APPDH - Associação Portuguesa para a Promoção e Dignificação do Homem Email:firstname.lastname@example.org - Blog:promoveredignificar.blogs.sapo.pt
Rua Arco do Marquês do Alegrete Palácio dos Aboim, nº 2 - 5.1, Lisboa 213428300 / 914057213 Pessoa Colectiva nº 508263840 NIB: 0010 0000 38994810001 50 (BPI)
Analysis of the conference and session way forward
On 19-12-2008, there was the 1st Session of the Conference under the theme APPDH Promotion and dignity of man.
Were lecturers / speakers: Professor Fernando Nobre of AMI; Professor Adriano Moreira, Dr. Pedro Krupneski; of Amnesty International (Portugal), Dr. Paula Guimarães, the Foundation Montepio; Dr. Guilhermino Pires, Community Life and Peace, and Valdemiro E. Sousa, President of APPDH.
Given oo high level of lecturers, the content of their speaking together a document that lasts forever. It is placed on our blog and will be sent to the above policies and social action.
As the awareness and support to other organizations that are on the ground the main function of APPDH, we will conduct other sessions of conferences on dates with more favorable and better preparation, to exteriorizing the contribution that we want to give on the promotion of human dignity and .
We will also try to be accepted and make our presence at meetings of senior national and international bodies, which handle human problems and can take action on the promotion of human dignity and, with the task of using the word and express our cries of alarm, when the purpose of helping in the achievement of solutions.
Now we feel that the current social crisis, economic and financial, are due to poverty (to about 50% of the population) and in particular the extreme poverty, motivating the lack of purchasing power, which is stagnating consumption and hence the crisis in the production of essential goods and industrial. What, of course, affect the work activities and increase of employment.
It is for regulators and supervisory prevent fraud in the banking and other sectors, essential function, without forgetting that the bank and boosting industrial growth can only happen with the increase in purchasing power resulting from the economic and social descent of the people.
The global economy can - and should - provide food resources, economic and financial resources to, if not eradicate poverty, reduce it dramatically. Just cut that in efforts to war, the production of armaments, with the repressive actions to recover only the marginals that are the need of resources, and the resulting savings to promote the social ascendancy.
Ultimately, the solutions will be less difficult than appears, simply implement the measures.
The way "give back" is more explicit in the contents of the session just to hold the conference, drawing the penalty read the text of the President of APPDH, with respect to "Safety and Prevention of Crimes and The Other Side of Poverty. "
Only in that they produce is that this wealth can be distributed, not to the rich get richer, but to include the poor.
As "the union makes the force" need to deploy a large associative movement, which is already linked through which we can grow and become credible and useful in our work.
Valdemiro E. Sousa
APPDH - Associação Portuguesa para a Promoção e Dignificação do Homem Email:email@example.com - Blog:promoveredignificar.blogs.sapo.pt Rua Arco do Marquês do Alegrete Palácio dos Aboim, nº 2 - 5.1, Lisboa 213428300 / 914057213 Pessoa Colectiva nº 508263840 NIB: 0010 0000 38994810001 50 (BPI)
Análise à Sessão de conferências e rumo a seguir
No dia 19-12-2008, realizou-se a 1ª Sessão de Conferências da APPDH subordinada ao tema A Promoção e Dignificação do Homem. Foram conferencistas/oradores: Professor Fernando Nobre, da AMI; Professor Adriano Moreira; Dr. Pedro Krupneski; da Amnistia Internacional (Portugal); Dra. Paula Guimarães, da Fundação Montepio; Dr. Guilhermino Pires, da Comunidade Vida e Paz; e Valdemiro E. Sousa, Presidente da APPDH. Dado oo elevado nível dos conferencistas, o conteúdo das suas oratórias reuniu um documento que perdurará para sempre. Fica colocado no nosso Blog e vai ser enviado às instâncias superiores das políticas e da acção social. Sendo a sensibilização e o apoio a outras organizações que se encontram no terreno a principal função da APPDH, iremos realizar outras sessões de conferências em datas mais propícias e com melhor preparação, no sentido de exteriorizarmos o contributo que pretendemos dar quanto à Promoção e Dignificação do Homem. Iremos também procurar ser aceites e marcar a nossa presença em reuniões das superiores instâncias nacionais e internacionais, em que se tratem os problemas humanos e se possam tomar medidas quanto à Promoção e Dignificação do Homem, com a incumbência de usarmos da palavra e expressar os nossos gritos de alerta, sempre no propósito de ajudarmos na conquista de soluções. Desde já faremos sentir que as actuais crises sociais, económicas e financeiras, se devem à pobreza (a rondar os 50% das populações) e em especial à extrema pobreza, motivadora da falta de poder de compra, que faz estagnar o consumo e daí a crise na produção de bens essenciais e industriais. O que, obviamente, afecta as actividades laborais e o aumento de emprego. Cabe às entidades reguladoras e fiscalizadoras prevenirem as fraudes na banca e em outros sectores, função indispensável, sem se esquecer que a dinamização bancária e o crescimento industrial só podem acontecer com o aumento do poder de compra, resultante da ascendência económica e social das populações. A economia global pode - e deve - mobilizar os recursos alimentares, económicos e financeiros suficientes para, se não erradicar a pobreza, reduzi-la drasticamente. Basta que se corte nos esforços de guerra, na produção de armamento, nas acções repressivas com a recuperação de marginais que só o são pela necessidade de meios, e com as economias daí resultantes se promova a ascendência social. No fundo, as soluções serão menos difíceis do que parecem, bastando apenas implementar as medidas. A forma como "dar a volta" encontra-se mais explicita nos conteúdos da Sessão de Conferências acabada de realizar, valendo a pena ler o texto do Presidente da APPDH, no que concerne "À Segurança e Prevenção dos Crimes, e O Outro Lado da Pobreza". Só na medida em que se produzir riqueza é que esta pode ser distribuída, não no sentido de os ricos ficarem mais ricos, mas para contemplar os mais carenciados. Como "a união faz a força" necessitamos de implementar um grande movimento associativo, já que é através dos associados que podemos crescer e nos tornarmos credíveis e profícuos no nosso trabalho. Valdemiro E. Sousa
No dia 19-12-2008, realizou-se a 1ª Sessão de Conferências da APPDH subordinada ao tema A Promoção e Dignificação do Homem.
Foram conferencistas/oradores: Professor Fernando Nobre, da AMI; Professor Adriano Moreira; Dr. Pedro Krupneski; da Amnistia Internacional (Portugal); Dra. Paula Guimarães, da Fundação Montepio; Dr. Guilhermino Pires, da Comunidade Vida e Paz; e Valdemiro E. Sousa, Presidente da APPDH.
Dado oo elevado nível dos conferencistas, o conteúdo das suas oratórias reuniu um documento que perdurará para sempre. Fica colocado no nosso Blog e vai ser enviado às instâncias superiores das políticas e da acção social.
Sendo a sensibilização e o apoio a outras organizações que se encontram no terreno a principal função da APPDH, iremos realizar outras sessões de conferências em datas mais propícias e com melhor preparação, no sentido de exteriorizarmos o contributo que pretendemos dar quanto à Promoção e Dignificação do Homem.
Iremos também procurar ser aceites e marcar a nossa presença em reuniões das superiores instâncias nacionais e internacionais, em que se tratem os problemas humanos e se possam tomar medidas quanto à Promoção e Dignificação do Homem, com a incumbência de usarmos da palavra e expressar os nossos gritos de alerta, sempre no propósito de ajudarmos na conquista de soluções.
Desde já faremos sentir que as actuais crises sociais, económicas e financeiras, se devem à pobreza (a rondar os 50% das populações) e em especial à extrema pobreza, motivadora da falta de poder de compra, que faz estagnar o consumo e daí a crise na produção de bens essenciais e industriais. O que, obviamente, afecta as actividades laborais e o aumento de emprego.
Cabe às entidades reguladoras e fiscalizadoras prevenirem as fraudes na banca e em outros sectores, função indispensável, sem se esquecer que a dinamização bancária e o crescimento industrial só podem acontecer com o aumento do poder de compra, resultante da ascendência económica e social das populações.
A economia global pode - e deve - mobilizar os recursos alimentares, económicos e financeiros suficientes para, se não erradicar a pobreza, reduzi-la drasticamente. Basta que se corte nos esforços de guerra, na produção de armamento, nas acções repressivas com a recuperação de marginais que só o são pela necessidade de meios, e com as economias daí resultantes se promova a ascendência social.
No fundo, as soluções serão menos difíceis do que parecem, bastando apenas implementar as medidas.
A forma como "dar a volta" encontra-se mais explicita nos conteúdos da Sessão de Conferências acabada de realizar, valendo a pena ler o texto do Presidente da APPDH, no que concerne "À Segurança e Prevenção dos Crimes, e O Outro Lado da Pobreza".
Só na medida em que se produzir riqueza é que esta pode ser distribuída, não no sentido de os ricos ficarem mais ricos, mas para contemplar os mais carenciados.
Como "a união faz a força" necessitamos de implementar um grande movimento associativo, já que é através dos associados que podemos crescer e nos tornarmos credíveis e profícuos no nosso trabalho.
Valdemiro E. Sousa
FIRST SESSION OF THE CONFERENCE APPDH
19 days to December 2008, was held the 1st session of the conference APPDH, with the lecturers / speakers:
Professor Fernando Nobre, president of AMI,
Professor Adriano Moreira,
Paula Guimarães, Director of the Foundation Montepio;
Pedro Krupenski, of Amnesty International;
Professor Guilhermino Pires, Community Life and Peace;
Valdemiro E. Sousa, President of APPDH
Since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted 60 years ago has been made much progress with regard to human rights around the world. The Cold War ended, the Apartheid was overthrown and, on the sixtieth anniversary of the Declaration, the first african-American was elected to the presidency of the U.S., a country where blacks were not even the right to vote when the declaration was adopted in 1948 .
The adoption of the UDHR, the most translated document in the world, was a very significant moment in relation to the recognition by world leaders of the importance of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human that is at the base, a world that had just be shaken for the conduct of the Second World War. It took an extraordinary vision and courage to the leaders of sixty years ago such a statement and take outlining a comprehensive set of political rights, civil, economic, social and cultural, for the peoples around the world.
However, hundreds of millions of people were left behind and still do not enjoy their full rights. With its dignity threatened constantly live in a world where there is enormous disparity between the promises of the governments of 1948 and its subsequent enforcement. The brands in the world today are of injustice, of inequality and impunity, with many of national and world leaders to put their own interests and abuse of power before the interests of those they represent.
Human Rights protects all individuals and their values back to many cultures, the UDHR itself was drafted by people from all over the world. But the greatest threat to the future of Human Rights is the absence of a shared vision and collective leadership.
Many individuals have not yet fully enjoy their rights and have no respect for their dignity properly secured, the captives are in situations of conflict or poverty. However, it is not the fault of the UDHR is that it happens. Are States and also those who failed to protect people's rights. Is because the states and individuals who must correct this situation. In a world divided and insecure, the Declaration is still as relevant today as then.
Over the past sixty years have made progress in several areas, however, the world today remains as susceptible to abuse human rights as when the Declaration was adopted by the leaders of countries around the world.
In the year of the sixtieth anniversary of the UDHR, human rights abuses persist in the world today, with a tendency to:
The human rights crisis in the world today - Myanmar, Gaza, Zimbabwe, Iraq, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia - require immediate action and reflect the need for collective leadership of established and emerging powers.
A regional vision
Many Sub-Saharan African countries now have active civil society and several independent media. However, durable solutions for African conflicts have proven to be difficult to define and develop the bill has been paid to the continuation of abuses of human rights.
Several armed conflicts that have lasted have been resolved, as in Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone and southern Sudan, but the consequences of these conflicts for human rights persist, affecting the political arena, the economy and social development.
The violent struggle for power, even in states that do not come to armed conflict, remains a component of political life in Africa and has resulted in numerous human rights violations and a cross and continue violating human dignity. It has also noticed a lack of political will by governments and inter-governmental organizations to address human rights violations that usually remains the basis of political tensions and hostilities.
The internal armed conflicts persist on the continent and with a devastating impact on many countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan (Darfur) and Chad. The human rights abuses are committed on a large scale by all parties involved in these conflicts, including sexual violence, recruitment of child soldiers and extrajudicial killings.
The police and other officials responsible for law enforcement are rarely held accountable for human rights violations, including arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and other ill-treatment. Recent years have witnessed the beginning of the contribution of international justice mechanisms to ensure accountability for these crimes under international law, but what is being done is not enough.
In many African countries continues to be dangerous or express views critical independent. Groups of political opponents, human rights defenders, independent journalists and civil society in general, all face prosecution.
There is visible progress in respect of the death penalty. African states have become abolitionist in practice or by law, and even the death penalty continues to be applied in several countries, the number of people executed is not great.
Despite the economic growth observed over recent years in several African countries, millions of people still live without access to basic requirements of a decent life, such as adequate housing, education or health care. Political instability, armed conflict, corruption, underdevelopment and lack of investment which contribute to the economic, social and cultural rights are not yet a reality throughout the continent. Hundreds of thousands of people in Africa are in constant movement across borders in search of protection or adequate standard of living, often with great risk to his own life.
Despite significant progress, human rights promised in the Universal Declaration are far from becoming reality for all people in Africa and the dignity of human remains without priority.
Despite all the Latin American countries have signed the UDHR, the governments of a military dominated much of the region between the 60 and the mid-80th This area was characterized by systematic human rights violations such as forced disappearances, extrajudicial executions and torture of political opponents.
The end of the military and return to constitutionally elected governments allowed to watch the end of this pattern of violations. However, the hope that a new era of respect for human rights had proved to be reached in many cases unfounded with the emergence of new patterns of abuse.
Those responsible for abuses of power and human rights violations are often unpunished. The equal protection may be contemplated in the law but in practice it is often denied, particularly those belonging to disadvantaged communities such as Afro-descendants and indigenous peoples.
Despite the devastation that was felt in many countries of the region caused by civil war and internal armed conflict, Colombia remains, even today, affected by a large-scale conflict in which civilians continue to be the main victims.
Most constitutions guarantee the fundamental rights and almost all countries in the region have ratified key international treaties at the level of human rights, with the exception of the U.S. (not ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the UN Convention for Women).
In particular in the U.S.
The violations committed by the Americans in Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantanamo and elsewhere have been many and varied, including forced disappearances, torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading (which in some cases even result in death in situations of detention), under the prolonged detention incommunicado, as well as other forms of arbitrary and indefinite detention, secret international transfers of prisoners outside the due procedures ( "surrender"), and trials of blatant illegality. The process of accountability has been lacking and justified as compensation for the victims.
Although more than two hundred prisoners held by the military indefinitely without charge or trial at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo in Cuba. Some face trials by military commissions and procedures that are far from international standards for fair trials. The U.S. government intends to these trials, ask for the death of some prisoners.
Amnesty International called, well, the newly elected president Barack Obama so that, once assumed the post, announcing a plan and a date for closing the prison facilities at Guantanamo to the end of military commissions in favor of federal courts north American standard, to deliver an executive order to ban torture and other ill-treatment as defined by international law, and to support the establishment of an independent committee of inquiry in order to investigate the abuses committed by the U.S. in its "war on terror."
Although the first resolution ever of the UN General Assembly calling for a global moratorium on the use of the death penalty, the U.S. still remain among the top five countries in the world that execute people.
Amnesty International will continue its campaign at the local, state and federal in the U.S. in order to end the death penalty.
Many of the Asia-Pacific states that have adopted the UDHR in 1948, including India and Myanmar (formerly Burma) who succeeded shortly after its independence. For them, a global commitment to a world where everyone is "free and equal in dignity and rights" retains special significance.
"Freedom from fear and deprivation" were also significant aspirations for the citizens of many nations of the Asia-Pacific region who joined the United Nations later: from Laos to Indonesia, Cambodia to Fiji. At first glance the "deprivation of freedom" seemed to find some justification in the growth expulsion of Asia as a powerful economic force. Despite the disparities between the economies of the region, overall, Asia has seen their wealth grow faster than any other region in the world since 1960.
In Asia, are the two most populous countries in the world - China, with 1.3 billion people and India with 1.1 billion. The economies of both states are also among the fastest growing globally.
However, not all citizens have benefited in the same way that economic greatness. Economic growth has been accompanied by widening of the gap that separates rich and poor, exacerbating the attached patterns of discrimination. The challenge of rapid economic expansion this equate to an increase of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights for the poorest of the region remains unfulfilled.
Several ongoing conflicts and violence by armed groups continue to create serious abuses throughout the region, jeopardizing the safety of millions.
Besides being denied a lasting solution to the refugee populations, hundreds of thousands remain displaced by the conflict. However, in many countries security forces have enjoyed impunity for human rights violations for decades, including extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances, torture and other forms of abuse committed in the name of "national security".
Political instability and the imposition of military authority - often, through the imposition of the declaration of states of emergency - has undermined vital institutions in protecting human rights, or impairing its reform in several countries. In this year's anniversary of the UDHR, the prospect of an effective remedy for victims of human rights violations in many countries remains an illusion.
Europe and Central Asia
Within a decade, Western Europe had launched those that would be the foundations of a European institution and transformed what had begun as a local community of coal and steel union with a comprehensive political and economic power.
During this period, the Council of Europe drafted the first international legal instrument for the protection of human rights, created the European Court of Human Rights to implement and was a Parliamentary Assembly. Including, now, 47 Member States, the system established by the Council was strengthened with a Commissioner for Human Rights and various monitoring bodies.
The economic communities established in the 50's was developed and constitute what is now the European Union (EU). The EU has expanded in scope, to embrace new members of the former Eastern Bloc, and vision for a "union of values", aiming to put human rights at the heart of its internal and external policies.
The political configuration of the post-war Europe was also behind the scenes of the formation of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). This is now the largest regional security organization in the world, with 56 participating states, including Central Asia.
However, the route taken by the current situation has not been easy. Over the 60 years of intervention desfilaram military dictatorships in countries like Greece, Spain, Turkey and Portugal as well as several agencies in the Soviet bloc.
Armed groups trying to promote the cause of a particular minority or ideology through the use of force. Conflicts wild shake the former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia as they are disrupted. Newly emerged and, with them, ill-defined entities whose statutes are not yet recognized by the international community.
The major human rights challenges remain. While much of the region is stable, there remains a climate of impunity for crimes recently, with hundreds of thousands of people still displaced from their territories without prospect of return in the near future.
Much of the region with promises of increased prosperity, but not for those excluded from fundamental economic and social rights, either by racism or other forms of discrimination. Europe remains a magnet for all those who try to escape the persecution, rape or poverty but they failed with its repressive approach against illegal migration.
Security is of paramount importance with regard to states of this region but, however, is constantly sabotaged by those who think that conflicts with and is more important than human rights.
It is also true that this region which is seen as a reference point in the panorama of human rights still remains a large gap between rhetoric and reality, and application standards, principles and practice. States that are committed on a voluntary basis with the regional institutions, resigned is also on a voluntary basis, of their obligations, attacking and undermining human rights and not being able to find the political will necessary for the resolution of major abuses .
Middle East and North Africa
The implementation of the UDHR have been prevented, since it was adopted by several military and political conflicts that have unfolded in the region. These conflicts include those that accompanied the decolonization of North African States, the wars involving Iraq and the continuing and ongoing conflict between Palestinians and Israelis, all motivated by religious and cultural factors rooted.
Political and social institutions have contributed to the subordination of women under the law and in practice and to discrimination against religious minorities, ethnic and others. Adindo to this, the international engagement in this region has often worked against human rights to authoritarian governments swear or contributed, either directly to abuses such as the policy of the U.S. "surrenders" to illegal prisoners known to States by their abuse.
Most states in the region of the Middle East and North Africa have acceded to the treaties of human rights generated by the Declaration and almost all their national constitutions and laws reflect the majority of human rights expressed in the Declaration. Nevertheless, in practice, they are only small safeguards due to the predominance of the executive authorities and the relative weakness of the judicial and legislative institutions.
It is therefore only now, on the sixtieth anniversary of the UDHR, which becomes an effective Arab Charter on Human Rights. However, four of the five states have been supporters of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights for many years.
The creation of Israel in 1948 as a Jewish state surrounded by Arab countries, coinciding with the year of the adoption of the UDHR, has generated an atmosphere of tension between Israel and its Arab neighbors that still endures. Added to that, caused a friction between Israelis and Palestinians, that after 60 years, and still does not show any signs of moving towards a resolution. Thousands of Palestinian refugees remain in Lebanon and other countries, and Israel maintains its military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip by imposing strict control of movement and other aspects of life of its Palestinian residents, while continuing with the expansion of Israeli settlements in violation of international law.
The international community has been unable to end the Israeli military occupation of Palestinian territory and find a lasting solution that recognizes and guarantees the fundamental rights of both the Israelis and the Palestinians. The region remains under a dark shadow and is a potential source of conflict at regional and global.
Atrocious human rights abuses continue to spread and worsen in the region. Despite the speeches of a better democracy, good governance and accountability, most power remains in the hands of small elites to pursue free of guilt for those they govern.
The power of the state is maintained by the security services and highly powerful repressing the opposition or debate. Those who express themselves at risk of being arrested and held in an arbitrary manner without the right to trial, and being subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment by security forces, the political leaders who allow the abuse of human rights impunity.
These victims often do not have the means to remedy or correct the situation, because the courts themselves did not enjoy independence and are subservient to the executive powers of the state.
During this journey in time and space I had the privilege to guide you, I spoke of governments and states that promote the DH or the violation.
Although both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights have been signed by governments and states and, as such, these are the primary responsibility for its performance, the violation of human rights and the persistent attacks on human dignity are the result of decisions, actions and omissions all of us. Human Rights are only truly universal and indivisible and human dignity will not actually be respected when we all, as human beings, not only recognize us as holders of such rights, but when all understand our responsibility in its implementation.
Lisbon, 19 December 2008
Amnesty International - Portugal
Professor Adriano Moreira.
Throughout the period of colonial hegemony of Western, which reached its most critical point in the nineteenth century, poverty was an issue that concerns related to internal inequalities of western societies, movements inspired pendularmente encouraging solidarity between the religious and socialist project to rewrite the social fabric.
In vast areas of the global empires of the centers of political decision was to expand the benefits of civilization, and the intervention mission on the ground, even when also supported by governments, was not very strong presence in the concerns of public opinion.
I suggest that in the western area, the book by Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, was more important than the capital to change the outlook of European political forces, especially emerging and that the consequences of war and generalized forced the issue, challenging the philosophy liberal, which vulgarizou the political excluente of constitutionalism desmunidos. The precept of Jefferson, according to which all men are born equal and with equal right to happiness, all entitled to intervene in the exercise of suffrage, excluded all the slaves, women, workers, the poor. These brief references want to help understand the radical changes that occurred, because not only the territories of Western powers, but also at international level subjected to a devastating globalism.
Internally, and excluding the problems of poverty and social change of social policies that had the engine unionism as significant, we can not fail to emphasize the consequences of the wars that ravaged the European ground. And by reference significant remember George Fink's book, entitled I Hunger (Hungert Mich.), the author presented in the Brazilian translation, as a "meteoric star of German letters, figure of legend within the century, now that nobody else knows it is alive or dead, whether it is male or female, whether old or young man. " This is poverty in the neighborhoods of Berlin, with the protagonist a family whose character is the narrator in the synthesis sunset of life: "I'm glad no gone beyond the book-keeper. Because I am only here" at home ". Between Wedding and Gesundbrunnen, where my mother washed clothes, where Mark began to steal and my father is drunk. On the street where he asked for alms and black tips of cigarettes sold. It is here that you can only live my heart. " However, the Teddy boy who symbolizes the book to children suffering, "when you ask what you want to be when man answered - I want to be good." The dream that the author gives disappeared, has been limited by this sorry end: "When I die, there will always be a cold and hungry rat that, when a corner pass without seeing him, without listening to him, pale and muttered trémulo. Listen : I'm hungry ... I am hungry .... "
The corners are multiplied, and as the military conflicts have become more destructive, as with the two civil wars of the western, known as world wars of 1914-1918 and 1939-1945, also emerged world poverty with a continuous track on the globe. Many were warned that the new visibility, but it should be noted Josué de Castro, the author of the concept, which has history, geography of hunger. Based on the experience I had as President of the FAO - the United Nations Food and Agriculture, drew on the world map a new frontier that Run all political boundaries, but they quickly find political expression challenging once the facts have forced the West to decolonization.
The first manifestation of this unit were surprising in the Bandung Conference, joining in April 1955, 2,000 delegates of what was called - the silent people of the world, an initiative of Nerhu, who chaired the birth of the State of India. This was because the white man, to whom Kipling attributed the heavy burden of the civilized world. In January 1958, at the initiative of Nasser, met in Cairo, convened by the Movement of Afro-Asian Solidarity, a conference of the first comprehensive initiative of Bandung, but on behalf of the colonized by the West. Not all people of color, but all covered by the new channel by a capital of complaints against the West, and with clear awareness of the urgency for political action: by then already in Korea and Vietnam were heavy claims against hegemonies considered aggressors. That happened in 1968, with Fidel Castro of challenging the government of Cuba, was called a new conference in Havana, in which the criterion of poverty is added to previous ones. With the novelty of going beyond the concept of external borders of the West, to meet the challenge of emerging sovereignties by decolonization, to extend the hand of poverty within these old colonial headquarters. All, people of color, colonized people, poor people, to identify themselves as third world, complainants of western capitalism, defining this last action as simply exploitative land of wealth and the arms of the people. It is then that begin to circulate names such as Castro, Allende, Che Guevara, Marighella, Malcolm X, Luther King, and generals from the civil society, as Giap and Mao, capable of defeating the armies professionals in the field of battle. Mao who would, like updating the concept of Josué de Castro, differentiated this space as the world of 3AAA - Asia, Africa, Latin America, an area of land south of the globe, to mobilize against the global city of the North, and the tributary consumerist, former seat of colonial power, promising to extend global conflict should be sure that you experience the home of the field be able to win the city.
From then on, with much blood, sweat, and tears, spilled the grants, poverty has not stopped growing in severity and threat.
Each year, UNDP prepares a report on the situation of the global sustainable human development, and growing alarm without intermission. Report in 2004, the illustrious Mark Malloch Brown said the following: "For those working in development, this is not an abstract issue. For the world to attain the Millennium Development Goals and ultimately eradicate poverty, it must first deal successfully, the challenge of building societies culturally diverse and inclusive. " He added, "when the political culture does not change, the consequences are clear perturbadoramente. Of the discontented indigenous groups in Latin America, the unfortunate minority of Africa and Asia, and new immigrants from around the developed world does not recognize the grounds for complaint marginalized groups not only creates injustice. creates real problems for the future, young unemployed and discontented, angry with the status quo and demanding change, often violently. "
The Western attitude to such areas of the geography of hunger, despite the many initiatives, gave signs of fatigue in relation to men in a state of grace, and growing interest on the natural wealth.
Africa is, for us, one of the continents of greater concern, the history belongs to us, the responsibility of intervention that has left deep marks there, the relations of civil society. The fact is that evolution, in the western perspective, Useful for Africa, ie, oil, diamonds, rare minerals. Undoubtedly with humanitarian progress, particularly the UN and its specialized organizations, but with most industrialized countries responsible for the scourge of the traffic of arms, which fuel the bloody conflicts that do not stop, and that in more than one place give rise to unspeakable genocide .
In this distressing scene, there is the voice of those who have no power, except to appeal to values and to be part of desmunidos, including the people treated as dumb or as expendable. Therefore the intervention of the Vatican Council II, proclaiming the privilege of the poor, is important in the campaign, which join other voices, animating the debate on the role of the Church in the face of the anguish of the world and the gap between rich nations and poor nations sometimes in the extreme as the exaltation of Father Camilo Torres, or of deviations passionate as the Theology of Liberation in Latin America.
While the sovereignty of the rich countries focused their energies in the fight against energy dependence, the geography of hunger weak states resent is that the systemic exclusion of economic globalism causes are not treated as equal recognition in the international order in crisis. Within the States, without exclusion of the richest, groups are excluded from the standards of living that the society of consumption is by force, confirming the limitations of the proclamation of Jefferson under which all born equal and with equal right to happiness. Economic globalization, which dealt with profit and inhumanity to the workforce coming from poor countries, now struggle to control the flow of workers, not giving citizenship to those who are in trying to repatriate the illegal though fragile barriers to growing crowd, we - is easy with the fact that migration is threatening to transform into the interior colonies, or, as in France, triggering violent interventions that exceed the capabilities security. The old policy of recruitment of temporary workers is exhausted. Multiculturalism is a challenge, an imperative for social justice, the violence threatens a domestic and international, to a situation that lawlessness is growing. The recognition that each and every one "is part of an interconnected humanity" assumption is a return to standards of ethics. And know that every man is a phenomenon that is not repeated in the history of mankind, requires that each is recognized as the bearer of a inviolable dignity.
Valdemiro E. Sousa
In opening his remarks, the speaker began by referring to the protests taking place in Greece, saying:
Start by driving, this session of conferences, a request and an appeal to groups in Greece who are involved in the destruction of property and various goods.
These may be right to protest and express their discontent, but to make it orderly and present projects and solutions to help resolve the crisis, are cooperating.
Remember that involved in destructive activities are more vulnerable to economic and social situation, the reverse of what to do. And if all want a better life for us and for the world, we can only help build the structures and social status. If the good examples result in the best way to educate, with its acts of force are to extend a fuse that invades other countries, therefore, a bad example.
Again, present ideas, projects and solutions, help improve your living conditions and those of others. Follow the line of direction of this association, promoting and dignifying, always peacefully.
Theme of the Conference:
SECURITY AND THE PREVENTION OF CRIMES
In the merriment of instability involving cruel criminals, the laws used for public order and the authorities of the state, the attacks upon the physical integrity of citizens and their property occurrences take endemic and increasing polarization, while many are unaware of the origins and causes. They should have priority in combating crime. Instead, the weapons speak highest in a scene of delirious scenes, ignoring the people are hungry. As in the wars with growing military power, the description is this occurs to me: those bastards win, those bastards lose ... Those who are unfortunate and lose inferiorizados; those who win, win what? The flag of the barbarity and food to the severity with the blood of others ...
In this state in which our world live in war and in the fight against crime, many individuals with a claim made without eloquence and reflect the human condition. Who has the power to send support and consistency are the options available to it: a statement of defense or attack. Reverse is the civic values, moral and social, when the violence used to sustain the argument of national defense or public order, the moral is that it transmits and assimilates in immorality.
For the world, through television and all the media, we are given to know the terror that rages in the light of the wars between states, and that another war moves against terrorism and crime in general. The indigence by the lack of means of survival is one of the causes of crime. In this respect and as an example, referring to the knowledge we have of what is happening in Brazil - an illustration of himself and representative. The slums show us the social peche which emanates from the devastating crime. Young women from the inside moving to cities where the security of a decent living there and only left them sell your body as the only way of survival, the parallel justice has pockets of jagunços waiting for someone to pay them for murder whoever. Many of the victims are people in their position intact complying the law and respect for others, some wealthy use the roads to reach the air helicopter to work, on every corner watching the assault and physical aggression. What is this company that has been proven that the prosecution as the only way to fight crime does not result?
Within the principles that APPDH falls, the route to the reduction of criminal activities can only go through assistance to people in need, both in material and social means, or by raising awareness. Here the police will first the task of monitoring teams that noble purposes dealing with such cases, to ensure the security, but not produce weapons in a position to fire, before demonstrating peaceful and cooperative attitude. The teams that I mention should be made by strategists in the economic and social recovery, social workers and psychologists, which should include representatives of government, to develop the necessary inventory of emerging needs, with an immediate response is not, in most shortest possible time.
Will inevitably have individuals that are committed to leadership of the crime and ghettos, not adhere to these campaigns, because only the disorder interest them. These yes, should the police behind you and answer for their actions. The positive results will happen with the participation of the people, since moving to enjoy a more dignified life and no need to connect to the criminal leadership.
In addition to programs of assistance and rehabilitation, the government should create conditions for setting the people inside with development programs and job creation. The Brazilian territory is excessive agricultural skills and the time we live in - and due to increasing consumption of biofuels - the entire production of cereals and oilseeds have market prices more assured and compensating. You never provided so promising conditions for the development of agricultural activities and development of the interior, is in Brazil or in any country with conditions and agricultural traditions. As we all know the agro-livestock activities are at the forefront of development and human resources. A country without a country where agriculture is pobre.Também campaigns should be implemented to set up small and medium entrepreneurs, given the possibility that the territory descomunais offers, and must exclude the humanitarian assistance with a policy and awareness.
Generally, consumers of drugs should be removed from streets and other local logistics to be treated in clinics and recovered. Prostitution should be drastically reduced through the implementation of conditions of life for women who sell her body as the sole means of livelihood. The homeless should proporcionarse them for jobs that are occupied and earn their own livelihood. The lack of physical capacity for work should be housed in establishments assists, state or private. Extreme poverty must be considered a means of survival with dignity. The welfare state must demonstrate that every person is the people with the right to live with dignity.
At this point I'm listening to dissenting voices, which I say: "Where we get so much money to cover all these actions?" The answer is obvious and conclusive. And the cost enforcement activities and social scourge? And the burden of the prisons and the rise of criminal cases? And the damage caused by theft - Insurance Companies included - and the horrific violence?
However, we all understand that do not have the financial capacity in the immediate future, sufficient resources for the creepy way or to change the structures of justice in the short term. Everything must be done with due weight and measure. The programs that I suggest should be the subject of studies and involve the wealthiest countries, with appropriations for this purpose. If the example is the best way to educate and correct these movements of measures to human dignity will have universal effect. And if the international community to promote ways to address situations of disasters, we must understand the significance of the great disaster that represent the problems that I mentioned ago. Fall is the efforts of war, the money in the manufacture of arms and means once we have sufficient funds available to acudirmos and the social scourge and reduce crime. Specifically speaking, and in Brazil, this country should prepare projects for submission to international organizations (the UN will be one of them), to get aid and support to minimize the scourges that suffers. Doing this, Brazil can be good example for other countries that can not by themselves solve their social ills and should carry the same. The world's solidarity has to be universal, especially since, in essence, no person, no country is free of blame for all the evil that rages in any point of the world is.
Attention to Brazilians: do not take my criticism and my advice as affront to Brazil, can be understood that in fact this country is the cancer of mankind. Far from it, similar situations - and even more serious - occur in various parts of the world, it is worth not specify. Because we should be of interest is the resolution of problems. But the abnormal situations that rife in Brazil, and which I referred are real, by the modesty pecando descriptive. If I had to refer to other countries and other situations in the universal scenario could not be less caustic. I want to speak to nations where people are deprived of their thinking with their head; forbidden the frequency of hotels available only to foreigners; the conditioning to information and ban the use of radio and television, when it can not enjoy drinking water and electricity. The important thing is to recognize the evils existing order and put them towards a better world and dignified that we are the superior species.
This is one of the modest contributions of those who wish to leave the law and that do not wish collides with deaf ears, within the principles that led me to the initiative of creating the APPDH for the Promotion and dignity of man.
THE OTHER SIDE OF POVERTY
In some countries there will be no social or economic recovery until they are invested serious and competent leaders.
Especially in some African countries extreme poverty would not exist if they were developed the real potential for economic development, from the agro-livestock activities to natural resources.
The independences represented the irreversible establishment of sovereignty, but the expulsion of the settlers and the occupation of the posts in the hierarchy of the states by people who not acquired cultural status or the appropriate moral and civic capacity and as such without the appropriate expertise for the posts they made, lay all for land.
In many cases not only continued development, and fell as if nothing was done. It was not reinstated to the left of the asphalt pavement, has not been the preservation of buildings, or have been repaired the sanitation in their constant degradation. Also key activities as the cultivation of cereals, coffee and sugar cane disappeared.
In turn, political leaders began to see the government as personal property. Part of proceeds of raw materials like oil, diamonds and other, are considered property and own most of which enrich while impoverish the population, live in sórdidos expedients and corruption.
The more developed countries involved in the fight against poverty must, above all and without interference by interests, meet with the leaders of countries degraded and sensitize them to the eradication of the causes that are the source of poverty. And define actions for the development program, making also feel the need for acceptance in these countries, managers with recognized skills needed to work in enterprises. What to serve as a school for those who must learn to boost productivity.
Another problem in these countries is, of course, the low labor productivity. Some workers come to take a week to perform the work that could run on a single day. And when questioned in relation to the low productivity respond with arguments that the slavery and colonization have finished ...
There is also, in some ways social, issues that prevent the increase in productivity and wealth, because the families of people who are progressing, the first signs of wealth, want the media should be shared with them. Know are cases of poisoning from whom progresses, given the refusal of the division of property. Hence the need for the establishment of joint ventures that can exchange experiences, make training and eradicate concepts ancestors.
In view of the facts reported ago, assistance to impoverished populations can not be confined only to the donation of goods and medical care, but mainly for training and the necessary forms for example to change the culture in professional skills and attitudes. Is this the best capital for the assistance to the impoverished and degraded. This is happening as the problems of poverty will never be resolved, because the incompetence, the inaction and violence continue to hover and prevent the production of basic goods. The appropriation by the more developed countries and monetary means food becomes error, it falls on deaf ears, since the structures for the development were not created and much less assimilated.
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I will not end without leaving an appeal to the great American nation that is the USA and its new president, Barack Obama, who in the world orderly and civilized place real trust and who call:
MAN COFFEE WITH MILK
Why the Man Coffee with milk? Because he has both the black and white, because his mother is white. I think of all that has always wrong to talk about it, to say that it is black. He is mulato, or mestizo, as termonologia that if you want to use.
But Obama himself has been indifferent to these errors. The call to you is to work for peace between peoples and nations, which drastically reduces the actions of war to take concrete steps on the path to peace and that the military actions that are forced into war, murdering people who do not nor did they know evil, everyone can continue to live. I call on the extension to all countries involved in war without any justification, with the acts of force and intransigêcias to override the firm and serious dialogue.
We know that wars serve as food industries to arms. But if you think more seriously, easily reached the conclusion that there are good alternatives to these industries. Work is more in environmental protection and nature, increasing the production of clean fuels, to produce more food, in fighting poverty and raising awareness of the people towards improving their behavior in favor of promoting and dignifying. Here, yes, there are no limits for work-based.
End to reaffirm the noble objectives of the Portuguese Association for the Promotion and dignity of man, who never cease to pursue: the defense and promotion of human dignity, fighting peacefully xenophobia; the harmful behavior, the hegemony of some of the misfortune of others ; the threat of future with the degradation of this, the misanthropy to occupy the place of philanthropy, the death of children and adults by wars, famine and diseases, criminal acts and other harm organized. All this without wanting to make the police or judges, because we will not prosecute, arrest and sentence, but we will try to help each individual the world and the world help each individual, we have the capacity to defend that we are superior species.
I am convinced that this session of conference will result in the first big lever to make it around the world we live in degrading and to also show how many think that all is lost, there is nothing to do and prove that we are not involved in mere utopia, because what is utopian is the reach of man. Basically, what we want is that the man develop its superior capabilities in support of the good and the detriment of evil.
My sincere thanks to you and recognized conference that marked their presence with his work, which came with its high power and sensitivity, helping to affirm what I have just said, whose oratory that made will be exposed to those law , to be listened to in the face of a better world.
All other invited guests and not that much in the honor with his presence to have the luck and pleasure of having your high civic, moral and intellectual, our immeasurable gratitude and recognition, some of us have been known to better, in particular, and continue to help us in our task, simple and genuine, that is, simply, the promotion and dignity of man.