Segunda-feira, 12 de Janeiro de 2009

Professor Adriano Moreira (INGLÊS)

Professor Adriano Moreira.





Person granges throughout its path of political action and socil remarkable holder of high credibility and dignity, this man deserves to be heard in everything that we talk. In the theme of your conference drew wide path of the cycles of poverty and geography of hunger. Your description must, absolutely, in spite of those criteria, the political and social level, the responsibility to work for the Promotion and dignity of man.






Throughout the period of colonial hegemony of Western, which reached its most critical point in the nineteenth century, poverty was an issue that concerns related to internal inequalities of western societies, movements inspired pendularmente encouraging solidarity between the religious and socialist project to rewrite the social fabric.


In vast areas of the global empires of the centers of political decision was to expand the benefits of civilization, and the intervention mission on the ground, even when also supported by governments, was not very strong presence in the concerns of public opinion.


I suggest that in the western area, the book by Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, was more important than the capital to change the outlook of European political forces, especially emerging and that the consequences of war and generalized forced the issue, challenging the philosophy liberal, which vulgarizou the political excluente of constitutionalism desmunidos. The precept of Jefferson, according to which all men are born equal and with equal right to happiness, all entitled to intervene in the exercise of suffrage, excluded all the slaves, women, workers, the poor. These brief references want to help understand the radical changes that occurred, because not only the territories of Western powers, but also at international level subjected to a devastating globalism.



Internally, and excluding the problems of poverty and social change of social policies that had the engine unionism as significant, we can not fail to emphasize the consequences of the wars that ravaged the European ground. And by reference significant remember George Fink's book, entitled I Hunger (Hungert Mich.), the author presented in the Brazilian translation, as a "meteoric star of German letters, figure of legend within the century, now that nobody else knows it is alive or dead, whether it is male or female, whether old or young man. " This is poverty in the neighborhoods of Berlin, with the protagonist a family whose character is the narrator in the synthesis sunset of life: "I'm glad no gone beyond the book-keeper. Because I am only here" at home ". Between Wedding and Gesundbrunnen, where my mother washed clothes, where Mark began to steal and my father is drunk. On the street where he asked for alms and black tips of cigarettes sold. It is here that you can only live my heart. " However, the Teddy boy who symbolizes the book to children suffering, "when you ask what you want to be when man answered - I want to be good." The dream that the author gives disappeared, has been limited by this sorry end: "When I die, there will always be a cold and hungry rat that, when a corner pass without seeing him, without listening to him, pale and muttered trémulo. Listen : I'm hungry ... I am hungry .... "


The corners are multiplied, and as the military conflicts have become more destructive, as with the two civil wars of the western, known as world wars of 1914-1918 and 1939-1945, also emerged world poverty with a continuous track on the globe. Many were warned that the new visibility, but it should be noted Josué de Castro, the author of the concept, which has history, geography of hunger. Based on the experience I had as President of the FAO - the United Nations Food and Agriculture, drew on the world map a new frontier that Run all political boundaries, but they quickly find political expression challenging once the facts have forced the West to decolonization.


The first manifestation of this unit were surprising in the Bandung Conference, joining in April 1955, 2,000 delegates of what was called - the silent people of the world, an initiative of Nerhu, who chaired the birth of the State of India. This was because the white man, to whom Kipling attributed the heavy burden of the civilized world. In January 1958, at the initiative of Nasser, met in Cairo, convened by the Movement of Afro-Asian Solidarity, a conference of the first comprehensive initiative of Bandung, but on behalf of the colonized by the West. Not all people of color, but all covered by the new channel by a capital of complaints against the West, and with clear awareness of the urgency for political action: by then already in Korea and Vietnam were heavy claims against hegemonies considered aggressors. That happened in 1968, with Fidel Castro of challenging the government of Cuba, was called a new conference in Havana, in which the criterion of poverty is added to previous ones. With the novelty of going beyond the concept of external borders of the West, to meet the challenge of emerging sovereignties by decolonization, to extend the hand of poverty within these old colonial headquarters. All, people of color, colonized people, poor people, to identify themselves as third world, complainants of western capitalism, defining this last action as simply exploitative land of wealth and the arms of the people. It is then that begin to circulate names such as Castro, Allende, Che Guevara, Marighella, Malcolm X, Luther King, and generals from the civil society, as Giap and Mao, capable of defeating the armies professionals in the field of battle. Mao who would, like updating the concept of Josué de Castro, differentiated this space as the world of 3AAA - Asia, Africa, Latin America, an area of land south of the globe, to mobilize against the global city of the North, and the tributary consumerist, former seat of colonial power, promising to extend global conflict should be sure that you experience the home of the field be able to win the city.


From then on, with much blood, sweat, and tears, spilled the grants, poverty has not stopped growing in severity and threat.


Each year, UNDP prepares a report on the situation of the global sustainable human development, and growing alarm without intermission. Report in 2004, the illustrious Mark Malloch Brown said the following: "For those working in development, this is not an abstract issue. For the world to attain the Millennium Development Goals and ultimately eradicate poverty, it must first deal successfully, the challenge of building societies culturally diverse and inclusive. " He added, "when the political culture does not change, the consequences are clear perturbadoramente. Of the discontented indigenous groups in Latin America, the unfortunate minority of Africa and Asia, and new immigrants from around the developed world does not recognize the grounds for complaint marginalized groups not only creates injustice. creates real problems for the future, young unemployed and discontented, angry with the status quo and demanding change, often violently. "


The Western attitude to such areas of the geography of hunger, despite the many initiatives, gave signs of fatigue in relation to men in a state of grace, and growing interest on the natural wealth.


Africa is, for us, one of the continents of greater concern, the history belongs to us, the responsibility of intervention that has left deep marks there, the relations of civil society. The fact is that evolution, in the western perspective, Useful for Africa, ie, oil, diamonds, rare minerals. Undoubtedly with humanitarian progress, particularly the UN and its specialized organizations, but with most industrialized countries responsible for the scourge of the traffic of arms, which fuel the bloody conflicts that do not stop, and that in more than one place give rise to unspeakable genocide .


In this distressing scene, there is the voice of those who have no power, except to appeal to values and to be part of desmunidos, including the people treated as dumb or as expendable. Therefore the intervention of the Vatican Council II, proclaiming the privilege of the poor, is important in the campaign, which join other voices, animating the debate on the role of the Church in the face of the anguish of the world and the gap between rich nations and poor nations sometimes in the extreme as the exaltation of Father Camilo Torres, or of deviations passionate as the Theology of Liberation in Latin America.


While the sovereignty of the rich countries focused their energies in the fight against energy dependence, the geography of hunger weak states resent is that the systemic exclusion of economic globalism causes are not treated as equal recognition in the international order in crisis. Within the States, without exclusion of the richest, groups are excluded from the standards of living that the society of consumption is by force, confirming the limitations of the proclamation of Jefferson under which all born equal and with equal right to happiness. Economic globalization, which dealt with profit and inhumanity to the workforce coming from poor countries, now struggle to control the flow of workers, not giving citizenship to those who are in trying to repatriate the illegal though fragile barriers to growing crowd, we - is easy with the fact that migration is threatening to transform into the interior colonies, or, as in France, triggering violent interventions that exceed the capabilities security. The old policy of recruitment of temporary workers is exhausted. Multiculturalism is a challenge, an imperative for social justice, the violence threatens a domestic and international, to a situation that lawlessness is growing. The recognition that each and every one "is part of an interconnected humanity" assumption is a return to standards of ethics. And know that every man is a phenomenon that is not repeated in the history of mankind, requires that each is recognized as the bearer of a inviolable dignity.


publicado por promover e dignificar às 14:19

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